- Interracial Dating: Pushing Past Prejudice – Dr Zuleyka Zevallos – Sociology Prose
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While 70 percent of adults in said they approved of interracial marriage, that figure had climbed to 83 percent by , according to a Roper Reports study. Neither the Roper Report nor the General Social Survey specifically queried respondents on their attitudes or practices concerning interracial dating.
Interracial Dating: Pushing Past Prejudice – Dr Zuleyka Zevallos – Sociology Prose
But a study by George Yancey, a sociologist at the University of North Texas, found that interdating today is far from unusual and certainly more common than intermarriage. Yancey collected a sample of 2, adults age 18 and older from the Lilly Survey of Attitudes and Friendships, a telephone survey of English- and Spanish-speaking adults conducted from October to April He found that Men and those who attended racially or ethnically integrated schools were significantly more likely to interdate.
Yancey says that whites might interdate less because they are a numerical majority within American society. While Yancey studied interdating habits among adults, the future of interdating can perhaps best be understood by studying the activities and attitudes of teenagers. Younger people have historically been more open to racial integration and more positive about race relations than older people, according to Jack Ludwig, senior research director at the Gallup Poll in Princeton, N.
According to a Gallup survey of 1, U. A Gallup national survey of people ages 13 to 19—found that nearly two-thirds 64 percent of black, Hispanic, or Asian teens who had ever dated and who attended schools with students of more than one race said they had dated someone who was white. This poll is the latest comprehensive survey of U. More than one-third 38 percent of black students had dated a Hispanic, while 10 percent of black students had dated an Asian student.
If we look at only new marriages that took place in , the figure rises to The rising trend in intermarriage has resulted in a growing multiracial population. Demographers project that the multiracial population will continue to grow so that by , 1 in 5 Americans could claim a multiracial background, and by , the ratio could soar to 1 in three. However, if we take a closer look at these trends, we find that they mask vast inter-group differences. For instance, Asians and Latinos intermarry at much higher rates than blacks.
However, if we include only U. While the intermarriage rate for blacks has risen steadily in the past five decades, it is still far below that of Asians and Latinos, especially those born in the United States. The pattern of multiracial identification is similar to that of intermarriage: Asians and Latinos report much higher rates of multiracial identification than blacks. The corresponding figure for blacks is only 7 percent. Although the rate of multiracial reporting among blacks has risen since , it increased from a very small base of only 4.
Clearly, genealogy alone does not dictate racial identification. The Asian-white and Latino-white respondents also revealed that they can turn their ethnicities on and off whenever they choose, and, importantly, their choices are not contested by others. By contrast, none of the black-white couples identified their children as just white or American, nor did they claim that their children identify as such.
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When we asked why, they pointed out that nobody would take them seriously if they tried to identify their children as white, reflecting the constraints that black interracial couples feel when identifying their children. It also explains why we, as Americans, are so attuned to identifying black ancestry in a way that we are not similarly attuned to identifying and constraining Asian and Latino ancestries.
On this note, it is also critical to underscore that a black racial identification also reflects agency and choice on the part of interracial couples and multiracial blacks. It persists because the legacy of slavery and the legacy of immigration are two competing yet strangely symbiotic legacies on which the United States was founded.
That Asians and Latinos are largely immigrants or the children of immigrants means that their understanding of race and the color line are born out of an entirely different experience and narrative than that of African Americans. Jennifer Lee is a sociologist at the University of California, Irvine, specializing in intersection of immigration and race and ethnicity. I've long thought that it is the LEGACY of slavery, both internal culture, self image , and external societal expectations , that accounts for American black exceptionalism. This would go a fair way to explain why Caribbean blacks and more recent African immigrants not only achieve differently, and view themselves differently, but are generally agreed to be so by white American society as a whole.
Growing up with the history of slavery internalized, and the knowledge that the greater society sees you a 'inferior', HAS to leave a wound or deficit in ones sense of self. I do think Obama's 'mixed race-ness' wasn't the deciding feature that made white American's willing to accept him as a possible president and made the achievement possible to him, in his own mind , but the fact that as the child of an immigrant, he is and was FREE of slavery in a way that most black Americans still are unable to be. I'm so glad to see that asian-american kids are by and large overcoming their parents' prejudices about marrying someone of another nationality or race I know this isn't universal, but trust me, it's widespread.
As a product of an interracial marriage married to another such person, I am also super excited to see that interracial marriage is on the rise! This post reminded me of one of the OKCupid data trends posts http: The data from OKCupid include a lot of people a little over 1 million for this particular post , and it shows some interesting things, such as response rate to initial contacts based on race black women are more likely to respond than any other group of women and are the least likely to be responded to; white men are the least likely to respond to initial contact and are the most likely to be responded to; Asian and Hispanic women respond more to white men than to Asian and Hispanic men, respectively; etc.
This article doesn't quite go far enough into analyzing the racial identity of mixed race people. By saying that race can be seen as "symbolic" actually ignores the same hypodescent faced by African Americans. Race in America is based on physical differences, which is an external signifier, and because of it's external nature, you can't really depend upon an internal definition of who you are.
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- Interracial Marriage & the Meaning of Multiraciality - Sociological Images.
- U.S. Attitudes Toward Interracial Dating Are Liberalizing – Population Reference Bureau.
I am Asian and White, and while my parents would define me as American or White, I can not in any way pass as white, so my definition really doesn't help me much when I experience the subtle, unexplainable inequities between me and White friends. If a white French person and a white American had children in America, wouldn't they be justified in thinking of themselves as white Americans?
There are certainly a lot of excellent points raised here, but including an ethnicity tied to culture and place of origin rather than race muddies the issue.
I think the racial attitudes toward different Asian nationalities within America versus African Americans would be more fruitful. Regarding the sentence "The Asian-white and Latino-white respondents also revealed that they can turn their ethnicities on and off whenever they choose, and, importantly, their choices are not contested by others.
A number of people of mixed racial ancestry post to and comment on http: The referent "Black" and the referent "African American" are confusing and are often confused with each other. Fwiw, I'm an African American who knows a number of Black people who have United States citizenship who were born and raised in various African nations, and Caribbean nations.
These people are Black, but they may not be African American. On some levels, referring to yourself as African American is a choice for Black persons living in the USA who don't have at least one African American birth parent. The confusion of who is and who isn't African Americans is real to families like the "M" family. Both of the parents were born and raised in Kenya. They are both Luo and therefore the couple aren't inter-ethnic.
Their two sons were born in Kenya and came to the USA long before both were pre-teens. Their daughter was born in the USA. She is the only one who did not have to get United States citizenship.
All of the family considers themselves to be Black and is considered to be Black by other people. Yet, the two sons and their sister consider themselves to be African American. I believe the couple thinks of themselves as Kenyan American. Yet there are significant cultural differences and perhaps different physical differences in features and skin color between those two Africans.
Imo, their offspring would also be inter-ethnic and not interracial. And if they lived in the USA, those children, and their father [although usually not their mother] would be considered both "Black" and also "African American" by most African Americans and also by most other Americans who have been socialized to use skin color, facial features, and hair texture to racially categorize individuals.
One example of an inter-ethnic African American family I know is an African American woman who married a Jamaican man. And they are identified that way by other African Americans I know -and I can only assume-by other African Americans and by other non-African Americans.